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SEVEN-SON FLOWER (Heptacodium miconioides) L-4

Small tree reaches 15' with low arching branches. The foliage is glossy green and the fragrant flowers are white with red calyxes. Calyxes become even more spectacular after the flower petals fall, intensifying and holding through autumn which gives the appearance of blooming twice, first white, then red. The exfoliating bark is attractive. Native: China

SERVICE BERRY (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Autumn Brilliance’) J-1

This serviceberry will reach 20-25’ high. Its persistent, dark-green leaves change to a brilliant red in the fall. This cultivar has white flowers, edible fruits, and light-gray bark. It is attractive in winter. Native: Maine to Iowa, south to northern Florida and Louisiana.

SMOKETREE, COMMON (Cotinus coggygria) A-2,H-4

Leaves on this small, shrubby, 10-15’ tree are medium blue green, turning yellowish red purple in the fall. A nondescript, yellowish flower comes on in June. This tree is good for group plantings in a shrub border. Native: Southern Europe to central China and Himalaya.
A-2 Cotinus coggygria ‘Royal Purple’ The common name of this tree is derived from the plume-like flowers which bloom a yellow green and change to a smoky pink or gray and appear like puffs of smoke on the branches. Smooth, rounded leaves are maroon to reddish purple in summer turning to scarlet in autumn. It grows from 10-15’ in height with the same spread. It may be pruned to ground level each fall to produce all new shoots and more spectacular color. Native: Southern Europe to central China and the Himalayan Mountains.

SPRUCE, BREWER (Picea breweriana) I-5

This spruce is the rarest of the seven native American Spruce species. Its branches are prized for their graceful, pendulous shoots that hang in a weeping effect often 8-10’ long. This is a concially-shaped evergreen tree with gray-purple, scaly bark. The needles are flat, bluish green and are 1 1/2” long. The cones are 3-6” long. They are purple at the onset and red brown at maturity. Native: Mountains of California to Oregon.

SPRUCE, COLORADO BLUE (Picea pungens var.glauca) A-9,I-1,I-6,J-7,O-1,O-4

This spruce has very stiff, sharp-tipped, green to gray-green needles which fall after seven to eight years. It grows from 30-60’ tall. The cones are oblong and the tips of the scales are jagged. Its thick bark is ash brown and deeply grooved with irregular, vertical ridges. Native: Southwestern United States, Rocky Mountains from Colorado to Utah, New Mexico, and Wyoming.
I-1,O-1,J-7 Picea pungens ‘Moerheimii’ This cultivar is more compact with waxy, silver-blue needles that retain their blue color in winter.

SPRUCE, NORWAY (Picea abies) J-20,N-11

The Norway Spruce grows from 40-60’. The shiny, rigid, dark-green needles show faint white lines. They grow along all sides of the twigs, but point upward and forward exposing the stem on the underside. The scaly bark is gray brown. The long, slender cones hang down and are the pattern for the weights used on Swiss cuckoo clocks.
N-11 This cultivar, 'Pumila,' is a dwarf, globular, very broad spruce that grows to 3-4’ high. The lower branches spread and the upper ones are nearly erect. There are several forms with various colors. Native: Northern Europe.

SPRUCE, WHITE (Picea glauca) N-10,O-5

The needles of this spruce are 1/3-3/4” long, slender, and scarcely prickly. It grows into a dense, pyramid shape with ascending branches 40-60’ high. It has the smallest cones, 1 1/2”, of the common spruces. The cones are green when young and pale brown when mature. These spruces are good in mass plantings as a hedge or a windbreak. Native: Alaska, Canada, and northern United States.
N-10 Picea glauca var. albertiana Dwarf Alberta Spruce Alberta Spruce is a slow-growing, compact tree with blue-green grayish needles. It has a pyramidal shape. It has a flaky, ash-brown bark. Native: The Rockies in southwest Canada, Montana, and Wyoming.

SUMAC, CUTLEAF (Rhus typhina 'Lanciniata') D-5

This is a lightly structured tree with comparatively few branches and essentially no twigs. New growth is covered with a fuzz resembling the velvet on emerging deer antlers in spring. Leaves are divided into leaflets which in turn are finely divided creating a lacier effect. Autumn display is early and a rich red. Fruit is compact, red, and hairy in conelike clusters. Also called Staghorn Sumac. Native: Quebec to Ontario, south to Georgia, Indiana, and Iowa.

SWEETGUM, AMERICAN (Liquidambar styraciflua ‘Burgundy’) H-1

The curious scientific name is derived from the yellowish, clear, fragrant sap that resembles liquid amber. The tree grows from 60-70’ tall with star-shaped, glossy-green leaves. Burgundy leaves turn deep purple red and are persistent into winter. Flowers are green toned. The durable fruit is a pendulous, woody ball with conspicuous, hardened points surrounding tiny perforations. The wood is used for veneer, lumber, furniture, and containers. Storax gum obtained from the bark is used for drugs and soaps. Native: Northeastern to southwestern United States.

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