The vein network in the dull-green leaves gives this tree its name. The bark is very hard, gray, and rough. It bears fleshy, yellow to dark purple, round berries that attract birds and wildlife. This is a small tree growing 25-30’ in height. Native: Western United States and northern and central Mexico.
This elm relative does not have a common name, but is sometimes referred to as the False Elm. It is not a true elm, so “Halfelm” is written as one word. It is a small, dense, shrubby tree with smooth bark. The branchlets are spine tipped. The oval leaves are simple toothed. The flowers are inconspicuous. This particular tree is a wonderful example of the Hemiptelea davidii and a near record size in North America. This is the rarest tree in the Murray Arboretum! Native: China and Korea.
About 300 species of holly exist throughout the world. The dark-green leaves have a leathery surface and spines along the edges. The red fruit appears only on the female trees or shrubs. The wood is hard and close grained. Holly wood is valuable for musical instruments and furniture.
This thornless variety is commonly planted in cities. It can grow between 30’ and 70’. This tree usually has a short trunk and an open-spreading crown which provides filtered shade. The alternating, bright-green leaves have thin, smooth leaflets. The autumn color is clear yellow. The flat, brown, twisted leathery fruit pods will reach 18” when straightened out. The fruit appears on the female trees only and lasts into the winter. These pods contain a sweetish, gummy substance from which the name Honeylocust is derived. Native: Pennsylvania to Nebraska and south to Texas and Mississippi.